Living in South Florida? Forget the Air Conditioner and Learn to Swim! (1) - Reading Comprehension

Read the article and answer the questions;

Living in South Florida? Forget the Air Conditioner and Learn to Swim!

For many people, the topic of climate change is hotly debated in social and news media. It

seems that as global temperatures and sea levels rise, so does the level of the conversation. However,

for some, the conversation is not just small talk; it is a real concern. This is especially true for those

living in the southern half of the State of Florida. These residents should be very concerned—and

should probably learn to swim!

It is predicted that flooding, in part from rising sea levels, will make many areas uninhabitable. Higher

sea levels are the result of the planet’s increased temperatures which are melting the ice caps at the

Earth’s polar regions. The higher temperatures are the result of large amounts of carbon dioxide having

been pumped into the atmosphere for years, especially because of man-made activities. Producers

include gas-powered automobiles on the road, as well as the many oil refineries needed to make fossil-

fuel-based gasoline to keep all those cars running. Factories from the manufacturing industries are also

large contributors to greenhouse gases as they work harder to keep up with consumer demand for all

sorts of items they want to buy.

All of this contributes to what has become popularly known as the Greenhouse Effect. While

greenhouses might be nice places where some plants can grow, they are definitely no place for humans

to live in. However, many modern cities are slowly beginning to suffer the same fate for their residents.

There is no doubt that some areas will be affected more than others, especially those located at or near

the sea level, and especially those on the coast.

In Florida—which is the state with the longest seacoast in the continental United States—occasional

causes for flooding include rainfall from storms, such as seasonal hurricanes and daily passing

thunderstorms. Nature, however, isn’t the only trigger for rising sea levels. Man-made activities, as

mentioned above, also play a role.

As most everyone knows, South Florida, which has a tropical climate, is hot. That is one of the reasons

the vacation capital greets thousands of tourists, especially from up north, who come to frolic in the sun

and to escape from the cold winters where they live. It is odd then that in almost every South Florida

home, office, and shop, tourists will be greeted by a blast of cold air, compliments of air conditioners.

These air-cooling systems are also major contributors to global warming. Not only do they use large

amounts of electricity, but they can also leak additional greenhouse gases, needed for their operation,

into the atmosphere.

Unfortunately, in an area like South Florida, where warm temperatures are the norm, global warming

only makes matters worse. As South Floridians demand more and more air-conditioning units, just so

they can continue to live comfortably, global temperatures will continue to rise even further. It is no

surprise that at some point in the not-so-distant future, increased local flooding from rising sea levels

will eventually reclaim the area, forcing not only a climate emergency, but also a very human one,


For the statements below, answer T (true), F (false), or NG (not given) based on the text.